The Thoreau Society, Inc. , Is an Informal
gathering of students and followers of Henry David
Thoreau. Walter Harding, State University College,
Geneseo, New lork, president, secretary and
treasurer; Mrs. Herbert Hoomer, Concord, Mass.,
vice-president. Membership $2.00 a year: life
THE 1964 ANNUAL MEETING . . .
The 1964. annual meeting of the Thoreau Society
will be held in the First Parish Church of Concord
at 10:30 a.m. on Saturday, July 11. Speaker of the
Day will be William Stuart Nelson, Vice President of
Howard University, who will talk on Thoreau and the
struggle for integration today. Walter Harding will
deliver the presidential address on "Thoreau at
Walden Pond," a chapter from his forthcoming biog-
raphy of Thoreau.
Luncheon for a limited number of people will be
served at noon. Those wishing to make reservations
should write in advance to Mrs. Herbert Hosmer, 22
Elm Street. Concord, Mass..
For the afternoon, there will be a tour of Con-
cord •onducted by members of the local Thoreau group.
The evening session will include an illustrated
lecture on "Thoreau and Mushrooms" by W. Stephen
Thomas, director of the Rochester Museum of Arts and
Sciences, and another of the "Sounds of Thoreau 1 s
Journal" tape-reeordingp compiled by Edwin Way
Teale, Roland Robbins, and David Dean.
THE 1964 ANNUAL ELECTION
The nominating committee (Robert Wild, chairman;
Norman Dodge, and Joseph Ishill) presents the fol-
lowing slate of officers for election at the annual
For president, Roland Robbins
For president-elect, Mrs. Herbert Hosmer
For vice-president, Robert Needbam
For secretary-treasurer, Walter Harding
For the executive committee for three years,
Mrs. Edmund Fenn and Robert Needham.
A VOLUME FROM THOREAU' S LIBRARY, by Ralph H. Orth
After many years, what appears to be a volume
from Thoreau* s personal library has shown up in the
possession of Professor Betty Bandel of the Depart-
ment of English of the University of Vermont. It is
Thomas Carlyle's Life of Friedrich Schiller . New
York (George Dearborn & Co.), 1837, listed by
Thoreau himself as "Life of Schiller. By Carlyle.
New York. 1 v." but further identified in Walter
Harding's Thoreau' g Library (Charlottesville, Va.),
Apparent proof of its possession by Thoreau is
the inscription on the flyleaf, not in Thoreau' s
Henry D. Thoreau
from L. W, —
Jan. 1, 1841 —
IF THIS PARAGRAPH IS CHECKED
IK RED, YOUR IlEIBERSHIP EX-
PIRES WITH THIS ISSUE. RE-
NEWAL, $2.00. LIFE IEBER-
SHIP, $25.00. DUES SHOULD BE
SENT TO THE SECRETARY, WALTER
HARDING, STATE UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE, GENESEO, NEW YORK SPRING, 1964
The identity of L. W. remains undiscovered,
despite a check of the journals and letters, and
the principal biographies of Thoreau. Indeed,
the initials may not be L. W. at all, but I. W.
— if so, possibly those of Isaiah T. Williams,
the Buffalo law student who became Thoreau' s
"disciple" in 1841 ( Correspondence . 1958, p. A3).
Whether the month is actually "Jan." and not
"Jun." adds a further note of difficulty to the
The path of the volume from Concord to Vermont
is uncertain. Professor Bandel received it as a
gift from the Reverend Robert Snelling, formerly
pastor of the Essex Junction Congregational
Church, and now pastor of the Community Church of
Warren, Arizona. In a letter on October 17, 1963,
Mr. Snelling writes:
I believe this volume came to me from my
father' s library. The closest I can bring
the volume to Walden Pond would be Newton
Center Theological School (Boston) , where
my father studied during the 90' s. He may
have obtained this volume during his years
there, but I do not know this to be true.
The volume itself is only in fair physical
condition; the front cover and the binding on the
spine are almost completely detached. There are
no annotations. The first two stanzas of Words-
worth' s poem beginning "So fair, so sweet, withal
so sensitive," in a handwriting not Thoreau' s,
appear on a cut-down sheet of letter paper insert-
ed in the volume.
Professor Bandel has stated that she intends
to give the volume to the library of the Univer-
sity of Vermont.
University of Vermont
ADDITIONS TO THE THOREAU BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . WH
Adams, Thomas Boylston. ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY -
TWO YEARS JOURNEY TOWARD 00ND0RD. New York:
Pierpont Morgan Library, 1962. Unpaged. "An
address delivered before the fellows of the
Pierpont Morgan Library, April 15, 1962. 200
AMERICAN REVIEW (Delhi). THOREAU AND INDIA. New
Delhi: United States Information Service,
1962. A1 pp.
Baym, Nina Zippin. THE PARADOXICAL HERO IN
THOREAU' S WRITI'T.S. Unpublished Harvard Uni-
versity thesis, 1963.
Cameron, Kenneth W. "Anti-Slavery Song Books in
Thoreau' 6 Library." EMERSON SOC. QUAR. ,
XXXVI (1964), 52-121.
. "Manuscript Pages from Thoreau' s 'Night
and Moonlight," ESQ, XXXV (196-4), 82-84.
. "Thoreau Manuscripts — Ungathered and
Migrant." ESQ, XXXV O964), 84-86.
. THOREAU' S LITERARY NOTEBOOK IN THE LIBRARY
OF CONGRESS. Hartford: Transcendental Books,
1964, 375pp. $20. A facsimile reproduction.
Cardenas, Eduardo. "Thoreau." in BIOGRAFIAS
BREVES. Hanover, Pa.: Libros de America, 1963,
p. 819. A brief biography.
Drucker, D.B. LE JOUR SE LEVE. Avignon, France:
Aubanel Editeur, 1955* pp. 140-141, favorable
comment on Thoreau 1 s "Civil Disobedience."
Eiseley, Loren. FRANCIS BACON AND THE MODERN
DILEMMA. Lincoln: University of Neb. , 1963.
Contains a lengthy commentary on Thoreau' s
Fasel, Ida. "Emily Dickinson's Walden." IOWA
ENGLISH YEARBOOK, VII (Fall, 1962), 22-28.
Thoreau' s influence on E.D.
Gottsoho, Samuel. "Thoreau y las flores del campo."
CENIT, Nov. 1962, pp. 3891 -4. "Thoreau and
Wild Flowers" trans, into Spanish by V. Munoz.
Gozzi, Raymond. "The Meaning of the ' Complemental
Verses' in WALDEN," EMERSON SOC. QUAR., XXXV
Hagenbach, Allen W. HUT MOOD (THOREAU
TAUNTS "MONEY-CHANGER"). Allentown,
Pa.: Pub. by the author, 1964.
26pp. An unusual little pamphlet
commenting on life today seen
through the eyes of a Thoreauvian.
Harding, Walter. "Thoreau at Walden."
HARVARD ALUMNI BULLETIN, LXVI
(March 21, 1964), 468-473. A chap-
ter from the forthcoming biography.
Harvey, Arthur. THEORY AND PRACTICE OF
CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE. Raymond, N.H.:
Mimeo. by the author, 1961. 28pp.
Much on T's "Civil Disobedience."
HERALD OF PROGRESS. "Personal Items."
III (May 24, 1862). A hithnrto un-
noticed news item on Thoreau' a
death, in a Spiritualist newspaper. 1
Higashiyama, Masayoshi. "Thoreau: A
Japanese View," ENGLISH AND AMER-
ICAN LITERATURE (Kwansei Gakuin
University), VII (Oct. 1962), 76-
Hyman, Stanley Edgar. "Henry Thoreau
in Our Time" and "Henry Thoreau
Once More." in THE PROMISED END.
Cleveland: World, 1963. pp. 23-35,
Jacobson, Arthur C. "Tuberculosis and
the Creative Mind." MEDIGAL
LIBRARY AND HISTORICAL JOURNAL, V
(Dec. 1907), 225-230. Includes
commentary on influence of tubercu-
losis on Thoreau.
Kasegawa, Koh. "An Interpretation of
Thoreau' s 'Civil Disobedience,'"
AOYAMA JOURNAL OF GENERAL EDUCATION,
IV (Nov. 1963), 1-19. A paragraph
by paragraph analysis of the essay.
. "Thoreau and the Bhagavad-Gita. "
THOUGHTS CURRENT IN ENGLISH LITERA-
TURE, (Japan), XXXVI (Dec. 1963),
. "Thoreau* s WALDEN: A Nature-Myth. "
STUDIES IN ENGLISH LITERATURE (Eng-
list Literary Society of Japan) ,
XXXIX (Nov. 1963), 213-240.
Kopp, Charles C. THE MYSTICISM OF HENRY DAVID
THOREAU. Penn State University, 1963. Unpublish-
ed Ph.D. dissertation.
Langton, Jane. THE TRANSCENDENTAL MURDER. New
York: Harper & Row, 1964, 248pp. $3.95. An
amusing murder mystery, est in contemporary
Concord, which involves such skullduggery as
unearthing a love-affair between Emily Dick-
inson and Thoreau, and murdering someone by
dropping a bust of Louisa May Alcott on her
head, The secretary of the Thoreau Society
is one of the central characters!
. The Same. Review. CONCORD JOURNAL. Feb.
More, Paul Elmer. "A Hermit's Notes on Thoreau"
and "Thoreau 1 s Journal." in SHELBURNE ESSAYS
ON AMERICAN LITERATURE. New York: Harcourt
Brace, 1963. pp. 199-212, 213-229. Two im-
portant essays of half a century ago on
Thoreau, now readily available in an inexpen-
sive paperback ($2.45).
Porte, Joel Miles. EMERSON AND THOREAU: TRAN-
SCENDENTALISM IN CONFLICT. Cambridge: Harvard
Harvard, 1962. Unpublished thesis.
Schwaber. Paul. "Thoreau' s Development in WALDEN."
fcer, 1963), 64-77.
"Tell me again. What ivas it you liked about 'Walden'?"
Drawing by Saxon, e 1963 The New Yorker Magazine,
Inc. October 5, 1963.
Stanton, Will. "The Friends of
1964, pp. 73, 110-111. A short
story with a Thoreau devotee as
one of the characters*
Thoreau, Henry David. COLLECTED
POEMS. Edited by Carl Bode.
New enlarged edition. Balti-
more: Johns Hopkins Press, 1964*
413pp. $6.95. In 1943 Bode
edited the first collected edi-
tion of T ' s poems— and inciden-
tally the first variorum edition
of any American poet. For yeara
now it has been out of print and
commanding a real premium on the
rare book market. Now it has
been reprinted from the same
plates with thirteen additional
poems that have since come to
light appended. It is good to
have T's poetry thus readily
available once more in an edi-
tion that is both thoroughly
annotated and includes all the variants. But
it is unfortunate that the exigencies of pub-
lishing necessitated using the old plates thus
perpetuating in the T canon two poems he did
not write (tho a note in the back points out
this error) and the misreading of several lines
in other poems*
. JOURNAL (Dover edition). Review. EMERSON
SOC. QUART., XXXVII (1964), 92.
Tryon, W.S. PARNASSUS CORNER: A LIFE OF JAMES T.
FIELDS PUBLISHER TO THE VICTORIANS. Boston:
Houghton Mifflin, 1963. 445pp. Includes some
new information on Thoreau' s relations with his
Weaver, Richard M. "Two Types of American Individu-
alism." MODERN AGE, VII (Spring, 1963), 119-
134. A contrast of Thoreau and John Randolph
William3, Paul 0. "Emerson Guided: Walks with
Thoreau and Channing." EMERSON SOC. QUAR. ,
XXXV (1964), 66-68.
ANOTHER FORGOTTEN OBITUARY FOR THOREAU. . . WH
THE NATIONAL ALMANAC FOR 1863 (Philadelphia:
George W. Childs, 1863, p. 640) prints the following
hitherto unnoticed obituary of Thoreau among its
"American Obituaries — 1862":
. Thoreau. David Hrxr.v. died in Concord, Ma>s.,
May k II,- was born in that town, July 1" 1S17
graduated .it Harvard College in 1337, taught
schtx 1 1* r three y irs altogether, was a memberW
imilY of i; ilph VTahl 1 Em rson, and, after
- «il»l rt. 1 hims ■',:' bv manual
1 ' il-m:iker, ; 1 titer, surveyor,
N vv York, ke . l/ve.l' f - : "•""'■
1 , . ■
V- ■ \
"your Walden Pond needs cleaning out."
c 1963 The New lork Times Company. Reprinted
by permission from the issue of Nov. 17, 1963
DR. HOWARD ZAHNISER, 1906-1964
It is our sad duty to record the death of Dr.
Howard Zahniser, President of the Thoreau Society
in 1956-1957, long-time member of the Thoreau Soci-
ety executive committee, and one of the most active
members of the society. Dr. Zahniser died in his
sleep at his home in Hyattsville, Md. , on May 6,
1964. Since 1945 he had been executive secretary
of the Wilderness Society and in the words of Sec-
retary of the Interior Stewart L. Udall, the "most
dedicated and faithful advocate of the country's
leading conservationists." His friendliness, his
enthusiasm, his warm smile, and his indef agitable
energy made him one of the most beloved members of
BACK PUBLICATIONS ....
The following back publications of the
Thoreau Society are available from the secretary:
Reprint of Bulletins 1-9, 500; Bulletins 12-15, 18,
21-66, 69-70, 72-83, 85, 86, 500 each; Booklets 3,
5, 8, 10, 14, 15, 500 each; Booklets 6, 7, 9, 11,
16, 18, 19, $1.00 each. Note that a number of bul-
letins which were once out of print are now back in
print once more.
NOTES AND QUERIES ....
The "girlie" magazine Nugget . VIII (Nov. 1963)
offers a new method of selling Walden . They sug-
gest a book jacket showing a man about to embrace
a nude woman and blurb "He called himself a 'Tran-
scendentalist, 1 but he was all man, guys, like you
and me. . . He tried to go two years without a
woman — but could he?. . . Could you?"
The "Tom Swifty" craze has hit the Thoreau
fans: Said Emerson to Thoreau in jail, "Don't you
A friend in a mid-Western college swears that
this happened: One of the football stars dropped
out of his American literature class half way
through the semester and later greeted him on the
campus with, "Say, that book by Thoreau we were
reading when I dropped out was exciting. Tell me,
did Walden die in the end?"
Thoreau Society President-elect Roland Robbins
now manufactures full-sized reproductions of
Thoreau' s cabin. Here is one of his advertisements:
The World Famous THOREAU'S WALDEN CABIN
deliberately,** i h< irk.au
KOI VMl \\. lUtKBlN*. Iil.lt. =2. I incolr
THrplmric: (■.,!,• f,!7 2.">'»-8?(W
Edwin Way Teale points out to us that in 1865
John Burroughs wrote Myron Benton: "I am reading
^horeau' s/ Cape Cod betimes. ... How so much juice
can be extracted from sand is a mystery." (Clara
Barrus, The Life and Letters of John Burroughs . I,
Mr. Raymond P. Tripp, Jr., of Toronto, Ontario,
has kindly presented to the Thoreau Society Archives
in the Concord Free Public Library a copy of his
University of Toronto master's thesis Communication
and the Unity of WALDEN : A Thematic and Structural
StudvT l963TT "
Mrs. Michael J. Matera of Port Washington, N.Y.
has donated a copy of Joseph Wood Krutch* s HENRY
DAVID THOREAU to the White House Library in the name
of the Thoreau Society. Mrs. Matera' s grandfather
was a first cousin of Thoreau' s mother. Prof. Ben-
jamin Gronewold of Buffalo, N.Y.; Ira Hoover of Wil-
mington, Del.; and Paul Oehser of Washington, D.C.
all also volunteered copies of the Krutch book. We
now lack only the Carl and Margaret Rollins' edition
of Thoreau' s ON THE DUTY OF CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE (New
Haven, 1928) for the White House Library. Can any-
one help us locate a copy of that?
After many years of dormancy, the Concord
Thoreau Discussion Group has revived with a bang and
has been holding regular monthly meetings this
spring. People in the area who are interested in at-
tending should get in touch with Mrs. Edmund Fenn,
Alcott Road, Concord.
In answer to our query in the winter bulletin,
August Derleth (Sauk City, Wise.) suggests that
Thoreau' s plum cake could have been a bread with
plums inserted, rather than a cake, and says that he
is familiar with both pear bread and prune bread in
Wisconsin. And that reminds us of the oft-repeated
assertion that Thoreau was the inventor of raisin
bread. Can anyone prove— or disprove that assertion?
I am indebted to the following for information
used in this bulletin: H.Adel, T.Bailey, M.Bodfish,
M.Campbell, L.Digby, R.Ganley, S.Hosmer, R.Hull, K.
Kasegawa, A.Kovar, L.Kleinfeld, D.Kamen-Kaye, A.
Lownes, R.Meeker, R.Machemer, V.Munoz, M.Moss, L.
Maynard, E.Phillips, G.Rohman, R.Schaedle, E.Teale,
R.Wheeler, J.Wyllie, and H.Wiggins. Please keep the
secretary informed of new Thoreau items.
The cost of printing this bulletin was paid for
in part by the life memberships of Mrs. Notburga B.
Lewittes of Fishkill, New York, and Prof. Alex Kern
of Iowa City, Iowa.
A SOURCE FOR A WALDEN ANECDOTE . . . . WH
In the final chapter of WALDEN, Thoreau
We read that the traveller asked the boy
if the swamp before him had a hard bottom.
The boy replied that it had. But present-
ly the traveller's horse sank in up to the
girths, and he observed to the boy, "I
thought you said that this bog had a hard
bottom." "So it has," answered the latter,
"but you have not got half way to it yet."
It is interesting to note therefore that the
following anecdote appears in the local Concord
YEOMAN'S GAZETTE for November 22, 1828 (when
Thoreau was only eleven years old) and is un-
doubtedly the direct source of his WALDEN remark:
A young fellow, riding down a steep hill,
and doubting the foot of it was boggish,
called out to a clown that was ditching,
and asked if it was hard at the bottom?--
"Aye," answered the countryman, "it is
hard enough at the bottom I'll warrant
you." But in a naif dozen steps, the
horse sunk up to the saddle skirts, which
made the younggallant whip, spur, curse
and swear /sic7 . "Why thou lying rascal?
/sic7 " said he to the clown, "didst thou
not tell me it was hard at the bottom?"
"Aye," replied the other, "but you are not
half way to the bottom yet."
A NEW SOPHIA THOREAU LETTER . . . . WH
President Evald B. Lawson of Upsala College
in East Orange, New Jersey, calls our attention to
the following manuscript letter in his possession.
It was written by Thoreau' s sister four days be-
fore his death and invites Edmund Hosmer to spend
the night sitting up with Thoreau. Hosmer, inci-
dentally, at Thoreau 1 s own request, spent the last
night of Thoreau' s life at his side, and only a
few hours before he passed away, Thoreau requested
his sister to give Hosmer a copy of one of his
Friday May 2nd,
My dear Miss Hosmer,
We remember your fathers kind offer to
assist us in our affliction, and it will
be very agreeable to us all if he can be
with us tonight, please ask him if it is
convenient. My dear brother has failed
very much since your father last saw him.
S. E. Thoreau.
Charles Tweedy ©f West Somerville, Mass., has
pointed out to us that most editions of Thoreau' s
"Life without Principle" make two serious reprints.
In the paragraph beginning "The rush to California
. . . "many print "immortality" for immorality"
and "muck-rate" for "muck-rake," thus making non-
sense of the paragraph.
Ely Stock is currently working on a doctoral
dissertation at Brown University in American Civi-
lization on "The Use of the Bible in the Work of
Hawthorne, Melville, Pow, Emerson, Thoreau & Whit-
On December 2, 1963, Louis E. Hoffman, Dean
of Instruction at Los Angeles Pierce College, con-
ducted an institute on "The Mythic in Walden."